Abdominal fat is stored in two different ways.
First, there is subcutaneous fat (pinchable), which sits between the skin and the abdominal wall. Since it does not directly surrounds the organs and the blood vessels so it is less of a health threat. It only holds extra calories.
Visceral fat sits deeper in the stomach and surrounds the abdominal organs. This fat can invade the organs themselves affecting organ function by increasing inflammation, clogging blood supplies, and eventually causing insulin resistance. In Insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes the body’s muscle, fat, and liver stop responding to circulating insulin supplies. The body’s cells starve while the excess glucose accumulates in the blood, ultimately damaging organs and vessels throughout the body.
Belly fat can be determined by measuring waist-to-hip ratio with a measuring tape. You can calculate waist-to-hip ratio by dividing the waist’s circumference at its narrowest point (use the belly button as a guide) by the hips’ circumference at their widest points (near the top of the bony protrusions). Ratios above 0.8 suggest an increased risk for heart disease and diabetes. The other parameter is waist circumference and you can measure it at the spot right above the hip bones right after breathing out. The risk of developing obesity-related health problems increases in women with waists larger than 35 inches and in men with a circumference larger than 40 inches.
Belly fat surrenders more easily to improved fitness and diet than other types! Cut the fat with four pillars of health :
Core exercises will firm up abs only. Therefore try moderate intensity exercise such as aerobics and complement it with diets low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and carbohydrates and consider protein-rich meals and low-fat snacks. And try to manage the stress of your life as increased cortisol levels (the stress hormone) and lack of sleep are both related to abdominal weight gain.