Although only about seven percent of breast cancer cases occur in women under the age of 40, it’s best to gain awareness of the disease early. The chance of a 20+ woman getting breast cancer is 1 in 2,000. That risk increases for 30+ women to 1 in 250. But because of the lack of awareness, breast cancer in young women is often detected in much later and more aggressive stages.
People who should begin preventative strategies early are
Young people and even teenagers with a family history of breast cancer
Early exposure to radiation to the chest
The BRCA1/BRCA2 gene mutation
Breast cancer in Men
Men also as men have breast tissue that can be susceptible to breast cancer. Although less than one percent of all cases occur in men, but male breast cancer has a higher fatality rate because it is more likely to pass under the radar.
Like with young women, the most common risk factors for guys are:
Exposure to chest radiation
High levels of oestrogen
Men with hereditary predisposition to breast cancer are also more likely to develop prostate cancer at an earlier age.
With education about how to identify potential symptoms of breast cancer, we (men and women both) can learn preventative behaviours and early detection skills. In the United States, 220,000 women and 2,150 men are diagnosed with the disease each year. But like in any other cancer, early detection saves lives.
Some breast cancer pre-existing risk factors are:
Gender: Breast cancer occurs nearly 100 times more often in women than in males. Men make up 1 percent of all breast cancer diagnoses.
Age: Two-thirds of those diagnosed with invasive breast cancers are aged 55+.
Race: Asian, Hispanic, and Native American women are less likely to get breast cancer than women of other races. Caucasian women are the most likely to develop breast cancer, although the disease is on the rise in African-American women.
Family health history: Your Breast cancer may be due to a hereditary mutation on the BRAC1 and BRAC2 genes. People with a parent, child or sibling who has been diagnosed are more likely to develop the disease About 5 to10 percent of all diagnosed breast cancers are due to genetic mutations. In some families with this genetic mutation, the risk for breast cancer can be as high as 80 percent. If breast cancer runs in the family, a genetic test can tell if you have this mutation or not.
Dense breast tissue: Women with denser breasts (less fat and more glandular tissue) are more at risk because the composition of the tissue makes it more difficult to detect lumps with a self-exam or mammogram. Ultrasound or breast MRI is usually the go-to methods for keeping tabs on breast health in women with dense breast tissue.
Menstrual and reproductive history: Women who experienced early menstruation (before age 12) or late menopause (after age 55) are at higher risk. Women who give birth at age 35 or older or do not have children are also at higher risk. Having gone through menopause also increases risk, as can the associated medications, like combined hormone replacement therapy.
Lack of physical exercise: A sedentary or lazy lifestyle can increase risk, while regular workout can lower it.
Poor diet: Being overweight or obese can increase the risk factor. A diet high in saturated fats and low in fruits and vegetables can make people more likely to develop breast cancer. Add some antioxidant-rich produce to your diet to the reduce the risk.
Drinking habits: Studies show that pre-menopausal women who consume more than 27 drinks each week and post-menopausal women sipping on more than 6 drinks per week are more likely to develop breast cancer than their teetotaling fellows. Sipping one glass of antioxidant-rich wine a few nights a week can actually reduce the risk of cancer. Boozing hard can increase the risk of getting breast cancer.
Smoking: It does not only cause lung, throat, and mouth cancer but can also make people more susceptible to other diseases like cervical or breast cancer.
5 Steps To Follow For Monthly Self Exam:
According to Johns Hopkins Medical Centre, 40 percent of diagnosed breast cancers are detected after women who feel a lump take their concern to a doctor. All women over the age of 20 should take the time to do a thorough check each month. Because things tend to change shape and size throughout the stages of the menstrual cycle, it’s a good idea to check things out around the same time of the month. Here are five easy steps to follow for a comprehensive self-exam:
1).Stand in front of a mirror with shoulders straight and hands on hips. Check that breasts and nipples are their usual size, shape, and colour. There should be no swelling, redness, or puckering/distortion.
2).Raise arms overhead and repeat the visual examination, looking for any changes in normal breast appearance.
3). Look for any fluid or signs of fluid coming out of the nipples.
4).Lie down and check each breast with the opposite hand. Place the non-examining hand behind the head. Using the pads of your three middle fingers, move your hand in small circular motions around the breast. Continue the process over the entire area — from clavicles to rib cage and from armpit to cleavage. Use different amounts of pressure, starting the each area with the light touch and progressing to deep pressure before moving on to the next spot.
5).Try the lie-down check while in the tub or standing in the shower. Water reduces friction and makes it easier to feel small irregularities.
Symptom of Breast Cancer
Some tenderness around that time of the month is normal, but anything persistent or unusual could be cause for concern. Keep an eye out for nipple pain or tenderness, nipple retraction (when they suddenly turn inward instead of outward), redness or scaliness, unexpected swelling or shrinkage of the nipple or breast, discharge when not breastfeeding, swelling, prolonged pain, skin dimpling or puckering, or a change in skin texture (especially enlargement of the pores).
A lump does not always mean cancer. Cysts (small, often benign fluid-filled sac) can develop in some breast tissue (may be due to hormonal changes over the course of a month) can feel like lumps during a self-exam, but they are harmless. The only way to know the difference between a cyst and a tumour is to get an ultrasound. Having a cyst is likely not breast cancer. Women who get cysts regularly should regularly perform self-exams to learn what is “normal” for their breasts.
In general, breast pain is not usually a symptom of breast cancer. Most of the time, tenderness is due to the hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and also certain medications. If pain exists in one small spot and does not go away, go to the doctor for check up.